Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Penn State Science
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Program Requirements

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A basic component of graduate education is coursework, which provides students with the fundamental concepts necessary to understand research in the life sciences. The BMMB graduate curriculum includes a set of four required courses. After choosing a laboratory for their graduate research, students, in consultation with their research advisers, choose advanced courses in their area of interest. Most students complete all coursework by the end of their second year. Students must complete 19 credits of coursework, which averages to 1-2 classes a semester.

Please see "Sample Class Schedule for a BMMB Student"


Docendo discimus (Latin proverb, “by teaching, we learn”)

Published studies indicate that teaching experiences contribute to the improvement of essential research skills (Science 19 Aug 2011: Vol 333, Issue 6045, pp. 1037-1039). Additionally, the communication and organizational skills gained by our graduates during their teaching experiences have provided them with competitive advantages in their professional development and success as scientists beyond Penn State. Therefore, teaching is an integral part of our Ph.D. training program. BMMB students are required to act as teaching assistants for two semesters during their graduate career. The teaching experience typically involves assisting a faculty member in teaching an undergraduate laboratory course. The teaching assistant usually leads a group of twenty to thirty undergraduates through the completion of their assigned experiments and assists the course instructor in grading.

BMMB Formal Examinations

Candidacy Exam

Admission to Ph.D. candidacy is decided on the basis of the student’s performance in coursework, research, and teaching. In addition, BMMB administers an oral candidacy examination to verify that the student has the intellectual ability, the motivation, and the necessary understanding of both the scientific method and relevant technical considerations to allow them to successfully complete the Ph.D. program. The oral examination is based both on a recent paper from the research literature and a two-page summary of the student’s own research project. All students are expected to take the candidacy examination during the fall semester of their second year.

Comprehensive Exam

For the comprehensive exam, the student will write and defend a research proposal that outlines their dissertation research. In this proposal, the student outlines the background and explains why the research is important, states the overall aims of the research, and discusses the experimental plan to fulfill these aims while incorporating preliminary research already accomplished. This document is the blueprint that will guide the student’s dissertation research. The comprehensive exam will be evaluated by a panel of faculty members who will eventually serve on the student’s dissertation committee. Thus, the exam provides an opportunity for the student to build a relationship with their dissertation committee. All students are expected to take the comprehensive exam by the end of fall semester of their third year.

Dissertation and Doctoral Defense

At the end of their dissertation research, all students are required to prepare a formal manuscript covering their research according to the formal guidelines established by the university. The student will give a public seminar on their dissertation research and defend their research during an oral defense with their dissertation committee. BMMB students are also required to prepare and submit a manuscript based on the Ph.D. dissertation research to a refereed journal before the final committee approval on the dissertation.

Research Seminar

During the third and fourth years, students are required to present their own research seminar to the department. Students will be expected to present a seminar of approximately 45 minutes followed by questions and discussion. The seminar should include background, rationale, relevance, data, and future research plans.